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Comet and Asteroid
[ Comet and Asteroid ]

·Astronomy: Comet and Asteroid - SEARCHING FOR THE NEXT ONE
·Astronomy: Comet and Asteroid - THE RISK OF IMPACT
·Astronomy: Comet and Asteroid - MASS EXTINCTION
 

 
  Mars: Astronomy: Mars - Red Planet-THE WAYWARD RED PLANET
Posted on Saturday, December 04 @ 15:42:50 CST by astronomy
 
 
  Mars

THE WAYWARD RED PLANET

The Red Planet and its motions challenged every astronomer from antiquity onward. By the late 1500s, the Danish astronomer Tycho Brahe (1546-1601) had amassed decades of observations of Mars and the other planets. His observations were by far the most accurate to date, yet he failed to weld them into a coherent system of the universe.

Then Tycho hired a young Austrian mathematician-astronomer named Johannes Kepler (1571-1630) and put him to work on the orbit of Mars. When Tycho died shortly afterward,
Kepler inherited his position and, more importantly, his observations.

Kepler battled with Mars for much of a decade, finally emerging with the first two of his three laws. of planetary motion. These include the conclusion that planets orbit in ellipses, with the Sun at one focus. (Every prior astronomer had insisted on combinations of circles.)

Kepler's work paved the way for Isaac Newton's 'Principia' (1687), the cornerstone of all modern physical science.

 
 
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