Welcome to Astronomy & Telescope Astronomy



· Home
· AvantGo
· Content
· Downloads
· Encyclopedia
· Feedback
· Forums
· Journal
· Members List
· Private Messages
· Recommend Us
· Reviews
· Search
· Statistics
· Stories Archive
· Submit News
· Surveys
· Top 10
· Topics
· Web Links
· Your Account

  Who's Online

There are currently, 8 guest(s) and 0 member(s) that are online.

You are Anonymous user. You can register for free by clicking here




Select Interface Language:


  Random Headlines

[ Saturn ]

·Astronomy: Saturn - WORLDS OF ICE
·Astronomy: Saturn - THE VIEW FROM HERE
·Astronomy: Saturn - THE SPACECRAFT ERA
·Astronomy: Saturn - LORD OF THE RINGS
·Astronomy: Saturn - Discover-DISCOVERING SATURN

  Space Traveler: Astronomy: Space Traveler - THE SPACE RACE
Posted on Tuesday, December 07 @ 14:06:05 CST by astronomy
  Space Traveler


The Soviet Union leaped ahead first, with two Sputnik launches—the second of which carried Laika, a live dog. Laika survived for several days before her air supply ran out. The Soviets then placed the first human into Earth orbit, on 12 April 1961. The spacecraft, Vostok ("east"), was little more than a cabin in a cannonball, covered entirely by a heat shield. The cosmonaut, Yuri Gagarin, sat in an ejection seat, which he activated to safely parachute back to Earth. Ostensibly, the goal of America's incipient space program, called Project Mercury, was to place astronauts into space, test their reactions and the spacecraft's maneuvering abilities, and return them safely to Earth.

The long-term goal, however, as proclaimed in no uncertain terms by President John F. Kennedy in May 1961, was to land a man on the Moon by the end of the decade. It was a bold challenge, not only to the Soviets, but to the American people and their science and technology.

In contrast to Russia's daring steps into space, the Mercury program proceeded more cautiously, testing the footing each step of the way. There were 25 flights in all, only some of which were piloted. To ensure the safety of spacecraft for humans, NASA, like Russia, placed several animals into orbit. In November 1961, a chimp named Enos rocketed into orbit and safely returned. This inhumane use of chimps and monkeys would continue into the Apollo program.




Don't have an account yet? You can create one. As a registered user you have some advantages like theme manager, comments configuration and post comments with your name.

  Related Links

· More about Space Traveler
· News by astronomy

Most read story about Space Traveler:
Astronomy: Space Traveler


  Article Rating

Average Score: 0
Votes: 0

Please take a second and vote for this article:

Very Good



 Printer Friendly Printer Friendly

 Send to a Friend Send to a Friend


Associated Topics

Space Traveler

"Login" | Login/Create an Account | 0 comments
The comments are owned by the poster. We aren't responsible for their content.

No Comments Allowed for Anonymous, please register

  Astronomy & Telescope Astronomy

All logos and trademarks in this site are property of their respective owner. The comments are property of their posters, all the rest © 2004 by Astronomy & Telescope Astronomy
You can syndicate our news using the file backend.php or ultramode.txt